Abdominal Pain and Diarrhea: 20 Causes, Treatment, Prevention

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There are many reasons why abdominal pain and diarrhea can occur simultaneously. You could have indigestion or a viral infection like the stomach flu.

It’s important to pinpoint the cause of your symptoms. This will help you determine the best home remedies and medications to use to treat or prevent diarrhea and abdominal pain.

Abdominal pain can be described as pain between your chest, pelvis, and abdomen. It can feel cramp-like, achy or dull. It’s often called a stomachache. Diarrhea is characterized by stool that’s loose, bloody, or fatty. You might feel the need to frequent the toilet. Sometimes, diarrhea can accompany abdominal pain.

Most people have occasional diarrhea and abdominal pain. These symptoms may be caused by changes to your diet, alcohol intake, and indigestion.

A condition that causes severe or persistent abdominal pain or diarrhea could indicate a more serious medical condition. A more serious problem could be Diarrhea which gets worse and becomes bloody. The following are possible causes of diarrhea and abdominal pain:

Common causes of diarrhea and abdominal pain are food poisoning, stomach flu, and indigestive problems. These conditions will not last more than 4 days, but they often resolve without any medical treatment.

Diarrhea can also be caused by infections or diseases of the abdomen. Your abdomen includes the following organs:

Inflammation can occur in various parts of your digestive system, including the stomach and intestines. You might experience cramps or problems with normal digestive processes if your digestive system becomes inflamed. This can lead to diarrhea and abdominal pain.

A sign of an intestinal disorder or disease is abdominal pain or diarrhea that persists for more than one week or keeps coming back could be diarrhea or stomach pain. Talk with your doctor if you’ve experienced these symptoms for more than a week or on a reoccurring basis.

Children often have diarrhea and abdominal pain, just like adults. This can be caused by stomach flu, food allergies, stress, food allergies, lactose intolerance, stomach infections, stress, or even stress. These symptoms can also be caused by eating too much.

Some children may have trouble telling the difference between when they’re hungry and when they’re full. This could lead to them overeating. This can lead to diarrhea and abdominal pain.

Diarrhea and abdominal pain are common in pregnant women. One common reason is that many people make changes to their diet when they find out they’re pregnant. This can lead to digestive problems.

If you’re pregnant, you may also start having sensitivities to particular foods. You may experience diarrhea or abdominal pain from foods you eat regularly. These symptoms may also be caused when hormone changes occur in your reproductive systems during pregnancy.

Seek medical help if you’re having abdominal pain and diarrhea that last for 3 days, if the pain grows increasingly worse over a 24-hour period, or if it’s accompanied by any of these symptoms:

  • frequent nausea or vomiting
  • a sustained fever of 101°F (38.3°C) for adults or 100.4°F (38°C) for children
  • Stool that has blood in it or dried blood on it, which can look like wet coffee grounds
  • Inability to keep food down
  • Dry mouth or extreme thirst
  • Incapacity to speak or see
  • mental confusion or loss in consciousness
  • Eyes or skin yellowing
  • seizures
  • Swelling in the genitals
  • External bleeding

Diarrhea can pose a greater risk to infants, older adults, or people with compromised immune systems. Discuss symptoms with your doctor in these situations.

If you don’t have a primary care doctor, you can browse doctors in your area through the Healthline FindCare tool.

First, a doctor will conduct a physical exam in order to determine the cause of diarrhea and abdominal pain. They’ll also ask some questions about your health history and lifestyle.

Your risk of getting a stomach infection from traveling to certain countries could increase. Don’t forget to mention any recent overseas trips. Ask your doctor about any changes in your diet.

A doctor may perform a stool culture, in which they’ll send a sample of your feces to a lab to check for bacteria, viruses, and parasites. If the results are negative, they might run a more thorough analysis to determine if you have any digestive problems.

The following are other common diagnostic tests:

  • Endoscopy.Endoscopy allows a doctor to send a camera down your throat into your stomach. This is done to look for signs and symptoms of celiac disease and ulcers.
  • Colonoscopy.A colonoscopy involves placing a camera in the rectum and intestines. This is done to detect signs of disease or damage, such as ulcers.
  • Lower GI (gastrointestinal) tract radiography.A technician will do a real-time Xray of the abdomen in a lower GI tract radiography. Also known as a barium enema or a barium enema After injecting a contrast material barium-based into the rectum, the doctor will perform an X-ray of the abdomen. This can be used to highlight intestinal obstructions or other conditions.

You can get medication to treat your underlying condition, which may cause you abdominal pain or diarrhea. Home remedies may be able to help if your symptoms are related to stress or must be managed.

Medical treatments

The type of medical treatment you’ll receive for your abdominal pain and diarrhea depends on the underlying condition causing your symptoms. These symptoms are most commonly treated with the following:

  • Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections and food poisoning.
  • Prescription allergy medication
  • Antidepressants are used to manage stress and anxiety.
  • Prescription nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug for PMS
  • Antiparasitic drugs to eliminate parasites

Home remedies

It’s important for people having abdominal pain and diarrhea to stay hydrated. Drink lots of water, juice, broth, and other clear liquids. Avoid alcohol and caffeine.

Reduce the intake of low-fiber, mild foods as your bowel movements improve. These foods include plain toast and rice as well as eggs. Avoid high-fiber, spicy, or high fat foods. They can cause inflammation and damage to the digestive system.

Probiotics may help your digestive system heal. Yogurt and other foods are rich in natural probiotics. Probiotic supplements can also be purchased.

Many herbal supplements and over-the-counter medications can relieve stomach pain, diarrhea and other symptoms caused by infection or indigestion. Some people find herbal supplements helpful:

Ask your pharmacist for guidance on how to use them. When taking OTC medication, always follow the instructions on the package.

Meditation can help you cope with anxiety and stress. Meditation, deep breathing, yoga, and other relaxation methods may be helpful. Talking to a therapist may be a good option.

It is not possible to prevent all causes of diarrhea and abdominal pain. Here are some tips for preventing stomach upsets and indigestion.

  • A well-balanced diet is recommended.
  • Limit alcohol.
  • Avoid spicy and fatty food.
  • Get plenty of water.

It is important to wash your hands regularly in order to prevent viral infections.

When preparing food, be mindful of hygiene. Make sure to clean your kitchen surfaces and properly store food.

People traveling may experience traveler’s diarrhea and stomachache. A common cause is a bacterial or viral infection that results from contaminated water or food.

Be mindful of what you eat and drink when traveling to areas that have different sanitation standards. Avoid tap water, raw food, ice cubes, as well as raw fruits and veggies.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists travel advisory and warnings on their website. This list should be consulted along with your doctor before you travel abroad.

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