ADHD Medications List: Stimulants and Nonstimulants

Consideration deficit hyperactivity dysfunction (ADHD) is a psychological well being dysfunction that causes a variety of signs.

These embrace:

Drugs will help lower ADHD signs in kids and adults. Actually, many medicine can be found to deal with ADHD.

Whereas not each particular person with ADHD takes the identical medicine, and remedy approaches can range between kids and adults, the next record of medicine for ADHD will help you discuss to your physician in regards to the choices which are best for you.

Stimulants are probably the most generally prescribed drugs for ADHD. They’re usually the primary course of medicine used for ADHD remedy.

You would possibly hear this class of medicine known as central nervous system (CNS) stimulant drugs. They work by growing the quantities of the hormones known as dopamine and norepinephrine within the mind.

This impact improves focus and reduces the fatigue that’s widespread with ADHD.

Many brand-name stimulants are actually solely accessible as generic variations, which price much less and could also be most well-liked by some insurance coverage firms. Nonetheless, different medicine are solely accessible as brand-name merchandise.


Amphetamines are stimulants used for ADHD. They embrace:

They arrive in immediate-release (a drug that’s launched into your physique straight away) and extended-release (a drug that’s launched into your physique slowly) oral varieties. Model names of those medicine embrace:

Methamphetamine (Desoxyn)

Methamphetamine is expounded to ephedrine and amphetamine. It additionally works by stimulating the CNS.

It’s not recognized precisely how this drug works to assist ADHD signs. Like different stimulants, methamphetamine might enhance the quantities of hormones like dopamine and norepinephrine in your mind.

It may well scale back your urge for food and enhance your blood strain. This drug comes as an oral pill taken a few times per day.


Methylphenidate works by blocking the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine in your mind. This helps enhance ranges of those hormones.

It’s additionally a stimulant. It is available in immediate-release, extended-release, and controlled-release oral varieties.

It additionally comes as a transdermal patch underneath the model title Daytrana. Model names embrace:

  • Aptensio XR (generic accessible)
  • Metadate ER (generic accessible)
  • Concerta (generic accessible)
  • Daytrana
  • Ritalin (generic accessible)
  • Ritalin LA (generic accessible)
  • Methylin (generic accessible)
  • QuilliChew
  • Quillivant

Dexmethylphenidate is one other stimulant for ADHD that’s just like methylphenidate. It’s accessible because the brand-name treatment Focalin.

Nonstimulants have an effect on the mind in a different way than stimulants do. These medicine additionally have an effect on neurotransmitters, however they don’t enhance dopamine ranges. Normally, it takes longer to see outcomes from these medicine than from stimulants.

These medicine are available a number of lessons. A health care provider would possibly prescribe them when stimulants aren’t secure or are ineffective. They could additionally prescribe them if an individual needs to keep away from the negative effects of stimulants.

Atomoxetine (Strattera)

Atomoxetine (Strattera) blocks the reuptake of norepinephrine within the mind. This lets norepinephrine work longer.

The drug comes as an oral kind you’re taking a few times per day. This drug can also be accessible as a generic.

Atomoxetine has triggered liver harm in a small variety of folks. You probably have indicators of liver issues whereas taking this drug, your physician will verify your liver perform.

Indicators of liver issues embrace:

Clonidine ER (Kapvay)

Clonidine ER (Kapvay) is used to cut back hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and distractibility in folks with ADHD. Different types of clonidine are used to deal with hypertension.

As a result of it additionally lowers blood strain, folks taking it for ADHD might really feel lightheaded.

This drug is on the market as a generic.

Guanfacine ER (Intuniv)

Guanfacine is generally prescribed for hypertension in adults. This drug is on the market as a generic, however solely the time-release model and its generics are permitted to be used in kids with ADHD.

The time-release model is known as Guanfacine ER (Intuniv).

This drug might assist with reminiscence and behavioral issues. It could additionally assist enhance aggression and hyperactivity.

Your physician might recommend different ADHD remedies together with drugs.

As an example, a 2012 article stated that altering your food plan might alleviate some ADHD signs.

A 2014 research discovered that taking omega-3 dietary supplements might also modestly enhance signs in kids with ADHD. Nonetheless, newer analysis has discovered that food plan adjustments might not enhance ADHD signs. Additional analysis is required.

Speak to your physician about your drug choices in addition to the options, equivalent to these pure treatments. It’s vital to debate all ADHD remedy choices together with your physician to realize one of the best outcomes.

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