A blood clot is a clump of blood that’s modified from a liquid to a gel-like or semisolid state. Clotting is a crucial course of that may stop you from shedding an excessive amount of blood when you’ve got a lower, for instance.
When a clot kinds inside one in every of your veins, it gained’t all the time dissolve by itself. This is usually a very harmful and even life-threatening state of affairs.
An motionless blood clot typically gained’t hurt you, however there’s an opportunity that it may transfer and turn out to be harmful. If a blood clot breaks free and travels by way of your veins to your coronary heart and lungs, it might probably get caught and forestall blood move. This can be a medical emergency.
A blood clot could also be a medical emergency. In case you assume you’ve got one and expertise the signs under, go to the closest emergency room or emergency care clinic to be evaluated by a medical skilled.
It’s doable to have a blood clot with no obvious signs. When signs do seem, a few of them are the identical because the signs of different circumstances.
There’s no method to know whether or not you’ve got a blood clot with out medical steerage. If you recognize the most typical signs and danger elements, you may give your self the very best shot at realizing when to hunt an skilled possibility.
The most typical place for a blood clot to happen is in your decrease leg.
A blood clot in your leg or arm can have varied signs, together with:
Your signs will rely upon the dimensions of the clot. That’s why you may not have any signs or solely have minor calf swelling with out quite a lot of ache. If the clot is giant, your complete leg may turn out to be swollen with intensive ache.
It’s not widespread to have blood clots in each legs or arms on the identical time. Your probabilities of having a blood clot improve in case your signs are remoted to 1 leg or one arm.
Blood clots can occur anyplace within the physique and trigger extreme issues. However once they happen within the coronary heart, the clots can lower off important blood move and lead to a coronary heart assault.
The guts is a much less widespread location for a blood clot, however it might probably nonetheless occur. A blood clot within the coronary heart may trigger signs like:
When clots develop within the coronary heart itself, it’s referred to as coronary artery thrombosis. These clots normally happen when fatty tissues that kind within the coronary heart’s arteries break off and block blood move to the cardiac tissues. When this blood move is stopped, the guts tissues can’t get oxygen and different vitamins.
Blood clots that develop within the stomach can goal a wide range of organs, so signs fluctuate from individual to individual. Some folks might not develop — or discover — any signs in any respect. Clots that develop within the stomach are a type of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and might trigger signs like:
Whereas these signs can sign a clot, they will additionally develop with different circumstances. Earlier than diagnosing you with an belly blood clot, a physician might need to rule out different causes, like a abdomen virus or meals poisoning.
A blood clot within the mind is also referred to as a stroke.
These blood clots can develop anyplace within the physique, or straight within the mind. When this occurs, blood can’t carry oxygen to your mind, leading to hypoxia. Mind tissue can’t survive and not using a fixed provide of oxygen, and hypoxia could cause extreme signs and even dying.
A blood clot in your mind will trigger all of the signs of a stroke, like:
- numbness or weak spot within the arm, face, and leg, particularly on one aspect of the physique
- bother talking or understanding others
- slurred speech
- confusion, disorientation, or lack of responsiveness
- sudden behavioral modifications, particularly elevated agitation
- imaginative and prescient issues, like bother seeing in a single or each eyes with imaginative and prescient blackened or blurred, or double imaginative and prescient
- bother strolling
- lack of steadiness or coordination
- extreme, sudden headache with an unknown trigger
- nausea or vomiting
If these signs seem and disappear abruptly, you need to nonetheless search emergency care. Stroke signs that come and go is usually a signal of a transient ischemic assault, or ministroke. These are additionally normally attributable to blood clots, however the clots resolve or don’t solely block the move of blood to your mind.
A blood clot that travels to your lungs known as a pulmonary embolism (PE). Signs that may very well be an indication of a PE are:
Your circulatory system is made up of blood vessels referred to as veins and arteries, which transport blood all through your physique. Blood clots can kind in veins or arteries.
When a blood clot happens in an artery, it’s referred to as an arterial embolism. This kind of clot causes signs instantly and requires emergency therapy. The signs of an arterial clot embrace:
- a chilly feeling within the affected space
- decreased or no pulse in your arm or leg
- paralysis or lack of motion within the affected space
- a pale colour within the arm or leg
- weak spot
- blisters on the pores and skin across the affected artery
- shedding of the pores and skin
- pores and skin erosions or ulcers
- discoloration or injury (necrosis) of the pores and skin across the affected artery
A blood clot that happens in a vein known as a venous embolism. A majority of these clots might construct up extra slowly over time, however they will nonetheless be life-threatening. Signs of a venous blood clot embrace:
- ache or tenderness
- elevated heat
- cramps or aching
- crimson or discolored pores and skin
Probably the most severe sort of venous clot is DVT. With DVT, a clot kinds in one of many main veins deep inside your physique. It’s most typical for this to occur in one in every of your legs, however it might probably additionally occur in your:
The Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC) estimates that DVT, along with pulmonary embolism (a sort of venous clot affecting the lungs), impacts as much as 900,000 Individuals every year. A majority of these blood clots kill roughly 100,000 Individuals yearly.
A number of issues could cause blood clots, and the trigger normally will depend on what sort of clot it’s.
When blood clots develop in your arteries, they’re normally attributable to bits of plaques — made up of fats or mineral deposits — that break off and block blood move.
Clots that kind within the veins have a greater variety of causes, like:
- a illness or harm to the realm the place the clot kinds
- immobility or lack of motion
- a damaged bone
- inherited or genetic problems that have an effect on how your blood clots
- weight problems
- autoimmune problems
- sure drugs, like contraception or hormone remedy
Sure danger elements improve your probabilities of having a blood clot. A latest hospital keep, particularly one which’s prolonged or associated to main surgical procedure, will increase your danger of a blood clot.
Widespread elements that may put you at a average danger for a blood clot embrace:
- age, particularly if you happen to’re over 65 years previous
- prolonged journey, like every journeys that brought about you to take a seat for greater than 4 hours at a time
- mattress relaxation or being sedentary for lengthy durations of time
- weight problems
- being pregnant
- a household historical past of blood clots
- most cancers
- sure contraception tablets
Youngsters can get blood clots, however they’re extra widespread in kids who’re hospitalized.
About 1 in 10,000 kids total are recognized with blood clots, in comparison with 1 out of each 200 hospitalized kids. Diminished motion attributable to sickness or harm is an enormous supply of blood clots in hospitalized kids, however many additionally face congenital or genetic problems current at delivery.
Among the widespread causes of blood clots in kids are:
- diminished blood move
- injury to veins from intravenous catheters
- inherited circumstances like genetic thrombophilia
- irregular blood vessel construction or formation, like Could-Thurner Syndrome and Paget-Schroetter Syndrome
- sure drugs
Diagnosing a blood clot by signs alone may be very tough. In accordance with the CDC, virtually 50 % of individuals with DVT don’t have any signs.
It is best to name your physician instantly if you happen to assume you may need a blood clot. A healthcare skilled will take a look at your signs and medical historical past and allow you to know what steps to take from there.
Your physician or different healthcare skilled will be capable of inform whether or not there’s a cause for concern and might ship you for extra checks to find out the precise trigger.
In lots of instances, step one might be a noninvasive ultrasound. This check will present a picture of your veins or arteries, which can assist your physician make a analysis.
Signs that come out of nowhere are particularly regarding. Name 911 or go to the closest emergency room instantly if you happen to expertise any of the next:
- sudden shortness of breath
- chest stress
- issue respiration, seeing, or talking