Vaginal Bleeding Between Periods: Causes, Prevention & Diagnosis

Overview

Intermenstrual bleeding is also known as spotting or metrorrhagia. There are many causes of bleeding that can occur between regular periods.

While some conditions are simple to treat, others may be more severe. Whether you notice spotting or heavier bleeding between periods, it’s important to see your doctor for testing, diagnosis, and treatment options. There are several possible causes for bleeding between periods:

  • A growth in your cervix or uterus
  • stress
  • a change in medication
  • a miscarriage
  • Vaginal dryness
  • A hormone imbalance
  • Cancer

Bleeding between periods isn’t a normal part of the menstrual cycle.

On average, a cycle lasts between 21 and 35 days. Normal vaginal bleeding, also known by your period, can occur for anywhere from a few days to one week. Any bleeding beyond this range is considered abnormal and can be caused or aggravated by many factors. These include:

1. Hormonal imbalance

The hormones that regulate your cycles are estrogen and progesterone. It is possible to have If they are out of balance, you can spot them. These factors can affect hormone balance.

Some women may spot their ovulation due to hormonal changes.

According to the National Health Services of Britain, abnormal bleeding can occur within the first three months of starting any hormonal contraceptive. These contraceptives include:

2. Pregnancy complications

Complications during pregnancy can cause spotting. Bloating can occur from both an ectopic pregnancy and a miscarriage. Ectopic pregnancy happens when the fertilized egg implants itself into the fallopian tubes instead of the uterus.

Spotting during pregnancy may not mean you’re having a miscarriage. However, if you’re pregnant and experience any vaginal bleeding, you should contact your doctor immediately.

3. Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids, which are benign growths in the uterus, are not cancerous. They aren’t uncommon in women who’ve given birth.

4. Infection

An infection may be indicated by vaginal bleeding during periods. Infections can cause bleeding and inflammation. Here are some possible causes of infection:

5. Cancer

Bleeding can also occur less frequently in cancers of these organs.

6. Rare causes

The following are possible causes of vaginal bleeding:

Any abnormal vaginal bleeding should be reported to your doctor. It is possible that the bleeding is serious and should be treated immediately. See your doctor right away if you’re pregnant and have vaginal bleeding.

You may require emergency medical attention if you experience bleeding or other serious symptoms. These include:

Diagnosis

Talk to your doctor about bleeding between periods. Be ready to answer questions.

It’s helpful to keep a record of your cycle. Keep track of when your periods start and end, how heavy or short-lived they are, as well as when you bleed between periods. Your doctor will want to know about any other symptoms that you’ve experienced and any medications you’re taking.

A physical exam will likely be performed by your doctor, which may include a pelvic exam.

A doctor can use diagnostic tests to help determine the cause of bleeding. To check hormone levels, your doctor might draw blood. For testing, your doctor may require you to take cultures or remove tissue from your cervix. This is known as a biopsy. A doctor may request an ultrasound.

Treatment

Vaginal bleeding during periods is not a treatable condition. Treatment will vary based on what’s causing your abnormal vaginal bleeding.

This type of abnormal bleeding can sometimes resolve by itself in some cases. For some women, however, treatment is necessary. Failing to consult a doctor or ignoring the problem can cause the problem to worsen. The consequences can be fatal if the cause of bleeding is cancerous, an infection, or another serious condition.

It is possible to stop bleeding between periods, but it depends on the reason. Preventive measures may be helpful in certain cases.

Keep a healthy lifestyle. Being overweight can cause irregular periods.

Birth control pills should be taken as prescribed to prevent hormonal imbalances. To maintain your health and stress-free, exercise moderately.

Use ibuprofen (Advil), or naproxen, which can help to reduce bleeding. Avoid taking aspirin (Bufferin), because it may increase your bleeding risk.

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